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Amorphous silicon-liquid crystals device forphotonic applications

ÁNGEL FUENTES GARCIA María del Carmen Grados Luyando JULIO CESAR RAMIREZ SAN JUAN RUBEN RAMOS GARCIA (2013)

We demonstrate that an hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a:SiH)-liquid crystals hybrid device could be used for the recording of high resolution (0.8-2 µm) dynamic holograms. A maximum diffraction efficiency of 3.3% was obtained at low power (1.5 mW) He-Ne laser. The nonlinear refractive index change at 0.6 W/cm2 is n2~1x10−2 cm2 /W, although small compared to that obtained in dye-doped liquid crystal, is equal to the reported in pure liquid crystal although with much higher power density (~50 W/cm2 ). The device operates in the red to near-infrared part of the spectrum which makes it attractive due to its potential applications in telecommunications and military applications.

Article

Nonlinear optics Diffraction gratings Holography Liquid crystals CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA FÍSICA ÓPTICA ÓPTICA

ALEXANDER SHCHERBAKOV Adán Omar Arellanes Bernabe (2013)

New physical aspects of collinear acousto-optical interaction, occurred by acoustic waves of finite amplitude, are revealed and analyzed in crystalline materials exhibiting moderate linear acoustic losses. The analysis is performed in the regime of continuous traveling waves allowing a specific mechanism of the acousto-optic nonlinearity. Our consideration has shown that such nonlinearity together with linear acoustic losses is able to affect the transmission function inherent in collinear interaction. In particular, the mere presence of linear acoustic losses by themselves leads to broadening the width of the transmission function beginning already from very low levels of the applied acoustic power. Moreover, the transmission function exhibits a marked and quasi-periodical dependence on the applied acoustic power density, and that periodicity is governed by the linear acoustic losses. As a result, the transmission function can be significantly narrowed near isolated points at the cost of decreasing the interaction efficiency. These novelties related to collinear acousto-optical interaction accompanied by moderate linear acoustic losses have been studied and confirmed experimentally with an advanced acousto-optical cell based on calcium molybdate (CaMoO4) single crystal and controlled by acoustic waves of finite amplitude. © 2013 Optical Society of America

Article

Dynamic gratings Nonlinear optics Parametric processes Acousto-optical devices CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA FÍSICA ÓPTICA ÓPTICA

Impurity-Related Nonlinear Optical Absorption in Delta-Doped Quantum Rings

JUAN CARLOS MARTINEZ OROZCO (2014)

Using a variational procedure within the efective mass approximation, we have calculated the hydrogenic impurity binding energy as well as the impurity-related nonlinear optical absorption in a single quantum ring with axia ln-type delta-doping.

Producción Científica de la Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas UAZ

Article

CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA Impurity-Related Nonlinear Optical

A classical simulation of nonlinear Jaynes–Cummings and Rabi models in photonic lattices

BLAS MANUEL RODRIGUEZ LARA FRANCISCO SOTO EGUIBAR ALEJANDRO ZARATE CARDENAS Héctor Manuel Moya Cessa (2013)

The interaction of a two-level atom with a single-mode quantized field is one of the simplest models in quantum optics. Under the rotating wave approximation, it is known as the Jaynes-Cummings model and without it as the Rabi model. Real-world realizations of the Jaynes-Cummings model include cavity, ion trap and circuit quantum electrodynamics. The Rabi model can be realized in circuit quantum electrodynamics. As soon as nonlinear couplings are introduced, feasible experimental realizations in quantum systems are drastically reduced. We propose a set of two photonic lattices that classically simulates the interaction of a single two-level system with a quantized field under field nonlinearities and nonlinear couplings as long as the quantum optics model conserves parity. We describe how to reconstruct the mean value of quantum optics measurements, such as photon number and atomic energy excitation, from the intensity and from the field, such as von Neumann entropy and fidelity, at the output of the photonic lattices. We discuss how typical initial states involving coherent or displaced Fock fields can be engineered from recently discussed Glauber-Fock lattices. As an example, the Buck-Sukumar model, where the coupling depends on the intensity of the field, is classically simulated for separable and entangled initial states.

Article

Propagation Coupled Resonators Photonic Crystals Quantum Optics Quantum Electrodynamics Guided Wave Applications CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA FÍSICA ÓPTICA ÓPTICA

JUAN CARLOS MARTINEZ OROZCO (2012)

The GaAs n-type delta-doped field effect transistor is proposed as a source for nonlinear optical responses such as second order rectification and second and third harmonic generation. Particular attention is paid to the effect of hydrostatic pressure on these properties, related with the pressure-induced modifications of the energy level spectrum. The description of the one-dimensional potential profile is made including Hartree and exchange and correlation effects via a Thomas–Fermi-based local density approximation. The allowed energy levels are calculated within the effective mass and envelope function approximations by means of an expansion over an orthogonal set of infinite well eigenfunctions. The results for the coefficients of nonlinear optical rectification and second and third harmonic generation are reported for several values of the hydrostatic pressure.

Producción Científica de la Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas UAZ

Article

CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA Hydrostatic pressure Delta doped quantum well Optical nonlinearities

Fiber Optic Sensor for High-Sensitivity Salinity Measurement

José Javier Sánchez Mondragón (2013)

A highly sensitive salinity sensor based on a two-core optical fiber is demonstrated for both high- and low-concentration regimes. Salinity of several aqueous solutions is measured in the ranges from 0 to 5 mol/L and from 0 to 1 mol/L with sensitivities of 14.0086 and 12.0484 nm/(mol/L), respectively. The achieved sensitivity is ∼19 times higher than that recently reported for polymide-coated photonic crystal fibers.

Article

Fiber optics sensor In-fiber directional coupler Salinity sensor CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA FÍSICA ÓPTICA ÓPTICA

Selective photodeposition of zinc nanoparticles on the core of a single-mode optical fiber

RUBEN RAMOS GARCIA (2013)

An experimental and theoretical study about selective photodeposition of metallic zinc nanoparticles onto an optical fiber end is presented. It is well known that metallic nanoparticles possess a high absorption coefficient and therefore trapping and manipulation is more challenging than dielectric particles. Here, we demonstrate a novel trapping mechanism that involves laser-induced convection flow (due to heat transfer from the zinc particles) that partially compensates both absorption and scattering forces in the vicinity of the fiber end. The gradient force is too small and plays no role on the deposition process. The interplay of these forces produces selective deposition of particles whose size is directly controlled by the laser power. In addition, a novel trapping mechanism termed convective-optical trapping is demonstrated.

Article

Fiber optics, infrared Photothermal effects Optical tweezers or optical manipulation Laser trapping CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA FÍSICA ÓPTICA ÓPTICA

ALEXANDER SHCHERBAKOV Adán Omar Arellanes Bernabe (2013)

An opportunity to exploit specific mechanisms of the acousto-optic nonlinearity to regulate performances of the collinear acousto-optical filter, realizing the sequential spectrum analysis of optical signals, is considered. This possibility is theoretically analyzed and experimentally confirmed with an advanced filter based on calcium molybdate (CaMoO4) single-crystal with a 15-μs time-aperture. It is able to operate over red and near-infrared light at relatively low radio-wave frequencies providing almost lossless regime for controlling acoustic waves of the finite amplitude. Under certain conditions, the transmission function of electronically tunable filter exhibits a marked dependence on the applied acoustic power density, and as a result, one can significantly squeeze the transmission function, i.e., improve the spectral resolution of this filter at the cost of decreasing the efficiency of the device partially. The identified and observed non-linear effect makes possible varying the performance data of similar advanced collinear acousto-optical filter governed by external signals of the finite amplitude. © 2013 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) [DOI: 10.1117/1.OE.52.6.064001]

Article

Collinear acousto-optical interaction Optical filter Acousto-optical nonlinearity Transmission function Spectral resolution Waves of the finite amplitude CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA FÍSICA ÓPTICA ÓPTICA

JUAN CARLOS MARTINEZ OROZCO ISAAC RODRIGUEZ VARGAS (2014)

In this work, the conduction band electron states and the associated intersubband-related linear and nonlinear optical absorption coefficient and relative refractive index change are calculated for an asymmetric double n-type δ-doped quantum well in a GaAs-matrix. The effects of an external applied static electric field are included. Values of the two-dimensional impurities density (N2d) of each single δ-doped quantum well are taken to vary within the range of 1.0×1012 to 7.0×1012 cm−2, consistent with the experimental data growth regime. The optical responses are reported as a function of the δ-doped impurities density and the applied electric field. It is shown that single electron states and the related optical quantities are significantly affected by the structural asymmetry of the double δ-doped quantum well system. In addition, a brief comparison with the free-carrier-related optical response is presented.

Producción Científica de la Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas UAZ

Article

CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA δ-doped quantum wells Electric field Nonlinear optical properties

A photonic crystal realization of a phase driven two-level atom

BLAS MANUEL RODRIGUEZ LARA ALEJANDRO ZARATE CARDENAS FRANCISCO SOTO EGUIBAR Héctor Manuel Moya Cessa (2013)

We propose a set of photonic crystals that realize a nonlinear quantum Rabi model equivalent to a two-level system driven by the phase of a quantized electromagnetic field. The crystals are exactly solvable in the weak-coupling regime; their dispersion relation is discrete and the system is diagonalized by normal modes similar to a dressed state basis. In the strong-coupling regime, we use perturbation theory and find that the dispersion relation is continuous. We give the normal modes of the crystal in terms of continued fractions that are valid for any given parameter set. We show that these photonic crystals allow state reconstruction in the form of coherent oscillations in the weak-coupling regime. In the strong-coupling regime, the general case allows at most partial reconstruction of single waveguide input states, and non-symmetric coherent oscillations that show partial state reconstruction of particular phase-controlled states.

Article

Photonic crystals Classical and quantum physics Classical simulation of quantum optics CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA FÍSICA ÓPTICA ÓPTICA